What Should A Security Guard Look For While On Patrol
What Should A Security Guard Look For While On Patrol

What Should A Security Guard Look For While On Patrol

As a security guard, the responsibility of keeping a vigilant eye on the premises rests heavily on your shoulders. But what are the crucial elements that demand your attention while patrolling? In this blog post, we’ll explore some key factors security guards should consider during patrols.

What Should A Security Guard Look For While On Patrol?

While on patrol, a security guard should be vigilant and attentive to various factors to ensure the safety and security of the premises. Some key things they should look for include:

  • Suspicious activities or persons: This includes anyone loitering, trespassing, or acting in a manner that seems out of place.
  • Security breaches: Check for any unlocked doors or windows, signs of forced entry, or other vulnerabilities that could compromise the area’s security.
  • Fire hazards: Look for potential fire risks such as blocked fire exits, inflammable materials stored improperly, or malfunctioning electrical equipment.
  • Safety hazards: Identify potential risks that could cause harm, like slippery floors, broken equipment, or poorly lit areas.
  • Unusual noises or disturbances: Listen for any unusual sounds that could indicate a problem, such as alarms, broken glass, or any signs of a disturbance.
  • Compliance with safety regulations: Ensure that individuals on the premises adhere to safety protocols and guidelines, such as wearing proper safety gear or following specific security procedures.
  • Equipment malfunctions: Monitor the functioning of security cameras, alarms, and other security systems to ensure they work correctly.
  • Any other unusual occurrences: Stay alert to any other unexpected activities or situations that could threaten the security and safety of the premises.

Night Patrolling Security Checklist

Night patrolling demands heightened vigilance and attention to detail due to decreased visibility. Security guards must adhere to a comprehensive checklist to ensure the safety and security of the premises during nighttime hours. 

Some critical points to include in a night patrolling security checklist are:

  • Checking all entry and exit points: Make sure that all doors, windows, and other entry points are securely locked to prevent unauthorized access.
  • Monitoring surveillance equipment: Regularly check CCTV cameras and other monitoring systems to identify suspicious activities or breaches.
  • Inspecting the perimeter: Thoroughly examine the perimeter for any signs of tampering or breaches in fencing, gates, or walls.
  • Examining poorly lit areas: Pay special attention to areas where potential intruders could hide, and consider implementing additional lighting to deter criminal activities.
  • Conducting random checks: Randomly inspect different areas of the property to maintain an element of unpredictability and deter any potential threats.

A well-executed night patrolling security checklist can significantly enhance the effectiveness of security measures and prevent security breaches during the vulnerable nighttime hours.

5 Types of Patrol in Security

Security patrols can be categorized into various types, each serving specific purposes and addressing different security concerns. Understanding these patrol types can help security guards strategize and implement the most suitable approach for the premises they are guarding. 

Here are the five common types of patrols in security:

1. Foot Patrols

Security guards conduct thorough inspections of the premises on foot, allowing them to examine specific areas and interact with individuals on-site closely.

2. Vehicle Patrols

Guards use vehicles to cover larger areas efficiently and respond quickly to security breaches or incidents across the property.

3. Fixed Point Patrols

Guards remain stationed at specific points, such as entrances or control rooms, to monitor activities and control access to the premises.

4. Scheduled Patrols

Patrols are conducted at specific intervals, ensuring every area is covered regularly and consistently.

5. Random Patrols

Unpredictable patrols designed to deter potential intruders by varying the timing and route of patrols, making it difficult for individuals to predict security patterns.

Utilizing a combination of these patrol types can significantly strengthen the overall security measures and mitigate various security risks.

What are the Do’s and Don’ts While Conducting Patrol

While conducting patrols, security guards must adhere to specific protocols to ensure their safety and the effectiveness of their security duties. It is crucial to be aware of the do’s and don’ts to maintain professionalism and maximize the effectiveness of patrol activities. 

Some key do’s and don’ts for security guards during patrols include:


  1. Remain alert at all times.
  2. Follow the designated patrol routes and schedules.
  3. Report any suspicious activities or security breaches immediately.
  4. Maintain clear communication with the control room or supervising authorities.
  5. Keep accurate records of patrol activities and observations.


  1. Do not neglect any part of the assigned patrol area.
  2. Do not compromise on safety procedures or equipment.
  3. Do not engage in confrontations with potentially hostile individuals.
  4. Do not overlook potential security risks or vulnerabilities.
  5. Do not deviate from established protocols or guidelines without authorization.

Following these do’s and don’ts can significantly enhance the professionalism and efficiency of security guards during patrol duties, contributing to a secure and well-protected environment.


A security guard’s role during patrol is instrumental in ensuring the safety and security of the premises. By following comprehensive checklists, understanding different types of patrols, and adhering to appropriate protocols, security guards can effectively mitigate security risks and maintain a safe environment for everyone on the premises.